You may be at risk of developing metabolic syndrome.
When are you overweight?
Jøran Hjelmesæth, head of the Center for Disease Overweight in Health South East at the hospital in Vestfold, recommends people to measure the waist target rather than BMI.
– Midwalls are a better measure of harmful obesity than BMI. In addition, you can use it as motivation. If you start exercising, the waistline changes more than weight. For the individual, the waistline is thus a better way to follow up on health development, “says the doctor.
The World Health Organization believes that increased risk of cardiovascular disease starts from 80 cm around the waist for women. Helmet Seeth thinks this is a bit strict and believes Norwegian ladies should save their concern until they approach 88 cm around the waist.
Here you measure: Measure approx. midway between the lower rib and the hip joint. If you’re unsure about where it is, measure a few centimeters above the navel.
Does the belt tighten while blood pressure and blood sugar are too high? Then you may have developed metabolic syndrome.
Still more Norwegians struggle with a few pounds too much. This is unhealthy because the kilos often come from a lifestyle that over time can lead to an increased incidence of health problems such as morbid obesity, decreased insulin intolerance and high blood pressure. Such a symptom source is called metabolic syndrome.
More health issues
– Metabolic syndrome can have many causes, but is increasingly associated with a diet that is characterized by much processed and carbohydrate rich foods with both starch and added sugar. Syndrome significantly increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and therefore motivated and inspired for lifestyle changes. Initially, it is important to reduce the increased risk of heart disease and diabetes 2, says general practitioner and specialist in clinical pharmacology Berit Nordstrand, employed at Rusbehandling Midt-Norge.
A syndrome is characterized by having a group of health problems that occur at the same time.
The Institute of Public Health’s definition of metabolic syndrome is that one has a life span greater than recommended and that in addition, it has at least two of the following risk factors:
Increased levels of common fat (triglycerides) in the blood, low levels of good cholesterol HDL, increased blood pressure or high blood sugar.
Small changes help
Together, these healthcare teams will increase the risk significantly for both cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes, and metabolic syndrome is also associated with increased cancer risk and increased risk of dementia.
– These plagues can be largely prevented with a healthy lifestyle, eating varied, making everyday food of pure raw materials and moving a little more in everyday life, says Nordstrand.
These are particularly prone to metabolic syndrome
– People who have developed insulin resistance.
– People who have increased abdominal obesity, ie 94 cm in men and 80 cm in height, or have a hereditary tendency to live around your life.
– Older people.
– People inactive.
– People with hormone disorder polycystic ovary syndrome.
– People with a genetic vulnerability to type 2 diabetes, that is, someone has it in close family.
– Some immigrant groups, such as people from India and Pakistan.
You can do this
Therefore, the narrow waist
Jump off the bus a couple of stops before you arrive, walk the stairs instead of taking the elevator or taking an evening trip with a friend. All monks are leaving.
– Physical activity may reduce both blood pressure, blood sugar and triglycerides, as well as increase the amount of good cholesterol. When it comes to food, there are many delicious ingredients that you can enjoy in your everyday food, which contributes positively to blood pressure, blood fat and blood sugar balance, “says Nordstrand..
According to the National Institute of Public Health, even a moderate weight loss will be of great importance to people who are overweight.
By lowering five pounds, a person of 100 pounds can reduce the risk of future diabetes.
– We begin to know a lot about the cause of this syndrome. Among other things, it is definitely that it’s hereditary. While genetic conditions are important for the individual, it determines bad eating habits and lack of physical activity who develops the condition and how it will affect them, says internal medicine and diet expert Fedon Lindberg, who released the book Smartkarbo this autumn – not a fat (Cappelen Damm ).
Foods that prevent metabolic syndrome
-Grills and berries in all colors of the rainbow.
-Full grain products and legumes.
-Fish and fish oils.
-Soured dairy products.
-Extra virgin olive oil.
Lindberg states that in several studies it is estimated that at least 25-30 percent of the world’s white population is inherited in order to develop increased insulin production, insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome.
People from the Indian subcontinent, from Africa and from South America are nevertheless much more exposed.
– In some of these populations, 80 percent are exposed to the syndrome, says Lindberg.
Often you will be able to notice the plagues already before any medical checkup.
– The symptoms you can recognize are that the clothes tighten and that the belt strap has to be loosened more notches. In addition, you may experience increased blood pressure, such as low energy, flushing and headaches, as well as ailments of high blood sugar, as thirsty and frequent need to seduce the water, “says Nordstrand.
Although the incidence of metabolic syndrome increases, it is not really a new discovery.
– Just 60 years ago, the doctor wrote H. P. Himsworth, an article in the renowned The Lancet medical journal about insulin resistance and a hormone disorder which he called chronic hyperactive hyperinsulinemia, ie elevated insulin production. He believed that several diseases were due to overproduction of the hormone insulin, “said Lindberg.
However, it would be more than 50 years before research could confirm this and today we are becoming increasingly aware of the relationship between increased insulin production, insulin resistance and a number of diseases.
– A recent study in England shows sensational results. Slightly elevated blood sugar leads to increased mortality – even in people who do not have diabetes. Even with moderately elevated blood sugar, which is actually considered to be within the normal range, the risk of mortality and heart disease increases for all of us, “he says.. This happens, according to Lindberg, because you have a diet rich in carbohydrates with high glycemic load.
How the sweeteners affect the blood sugar
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The study actually shows a stronger connection between elevated blood sugar and increased mortality than seen between elevated cholesterol and mortality.
– Fortunately, you know a lot about lifestyle changes that can reverse the negative trend. With relatively simple food therapies you can achieve stable well-being and better quality of life while preventing health problems, says Nordstrand.
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