Heart

The grip that protects against heartbreak

High cholesterol levels increase the risk of myocardial infarction and other cardiovascular disease.

The grip that protects against heartbreak

The grip that protects against heartbreak

TAKES: The cholesterol flows around the blood in the form of small spheres. If there is too much of it in the blood, over the years it may lead to dyspepsia that eventually closes the blood vessels. Photo: ILLUSTRATION PHOTO: Thinkstock. com

Cholesterol tasks

  • Transfer the fats with the blood around to all the cells
  • Generate steroid hormones (including sex hormones)
  • Danne Vitamin D
  • Danne bile acids
  • Create a structure in the cell walls

Source: Åse Kringlebotn, Communications Manager in MatPrat.

Cholesterol is a fatty substance that is a part of all cell membranes, which is the precursor to hormones.

– Too high blood cholesterol levels in the blood can cause dense blood vessels, “says Serena Tonstad, chief of Preventive Cardiology at OUS.

Dense veins can lead to myocardial infarction , angina, stroke, and sudden death.

But cholesterol is absolutely essential in a variety of vital body functions.

– Cholesterol is a fatty substance that is produced mainly in the liver of both humans and animals and is an important part of the bile that helps the body to digest the food.

says Erling Moxness, Marketing Manager at the Norwegian Center for Natural Medicine for Click Health.

Cholesterol is a substance that is naturally found in the body and must be there.

– The body itself can make the amount of cholesterol it needs without getting it from the food, “says Åse Kringlebotn, communications manager at MatPrat.

Cholesterol is also an important building block for more vitamins like A, D, E and K.

Too high cholesterol

– Cholesterol is an important fat for the body. Therefore, cholesterol should be limited only if the level in the blood is too high, “says Moxness.

Cholesterol levels can be measured with a blood test by a doctor.

If there is too much cholesterol in the blood it can quickly be negative, says Kringlebotn.

Some of the cholesterol can then, along with calcium, precipitate like hard crystals and stick to the inside of the walls of the blood vessels.

– Then you have the onset of atherosclerosis, which in turn can lead to heart attack or other cardiovascular disease, says Kringlebotn.

The grip that protects against heartbreak

LUBRICANTS: Reduce the amount of saturated fat in your diet to reduce cholesterol levels. ILLUSTRATION PHOTO: Colorbox

Good and Bad Cholesterol

Do not notice that you have high cholesterol

  • Cholesterol flows around the blood in the form of small spheres. If there is too much of it in the blood, over the years it may cause deposits that end up closing the blood vessels
  • The relegation process, which is actually an aging process in the blood vessels and called atherosclerosis takes place completely without notice.
  • You can feel very good at a diet that increases cholesterol and does not notice anything before a vein has clogged. This usually takes many years.

Source: Kjetil Retterstøl, general practitioner at Lipid Clinic at Rikshospitalet and professor at the Department of Nutrition Sciences at the University of Oslo.

Cholesterol is produced in the body and is necessary for the body’s cells.

– Cholesterol is transported into the blood bound to special particles, so-called lipoproteins, explains Gunhild Kile Sandvik, pharmacy editor in Pharmacy 1 to Click Health.

Examples of lipoproteins are LDL (low-density lipoprotein) that carry the “bad” cholesterol and HDL (high-density lipoprotein) that carry the “good” cholesterol.

– High levels of LDL in the blood increase the risk of cardiovascular disease, while high levels of HDL reduce this risk, “says Sandvik..

– But it is inconvenient to call some low cholesterol, says Kjetil Retterstøl, chief physician at Lipid Clinic at Rikshospitalet and professor at the Department of Nutrition Sciences at the University of Oslo.

Cholesterol flows around the blood in the form of small spheres. If there is too much of it in the blood, over the years it may lead to dyspepsia that eventually closes the blood vessels.

– You may have a heart attack or stroke, “says Retterstøl.

The balance between bad and good cholesterol is important, and this balance is poor of saturated fat and trans fat, says superior.

All Norwegians over 20 years should check their cholesterol. The average Norwegian 30-year-old has cholesterol values ​​in the borderland of what is recommended.

Causes of high cholesterol

The grip that protects against heartbreak

GREAT MEASUREMENT: Limit intake of saturated fat. ILLUSTRATION PHOTO: Colorbox

There may be several reasons why you have high cholesterol.

Symptoms

High cholesterol in itself does not usually produce any symptoms.

At very high cholesterol levels, you can see swings around the tendons of the hand back or heel, yellow deposits in the skin around the eyes and a white ring along the edge of the iris in the eye.

Source: Gunhild Kile Sandvik, Associate Editor for Pharmacy 1.

The grip that protects against heartbreak

Go down ten kilos of crackle cakes

– Some are inherited to very high cholesterol levels, “says Sandvik.

This is called familial hypercholesterolemia and has a special deficiency in a protein that removes cholesterol from the blood.

– There is a high risk of cardiovascular disease and death at a young age, “says Sandvik..

Most cases of high cholesterol are related to your lifestyle.

– Too high cholesterol is often an expression of an unhealthy lifestyle, “says Moxness.

– High intake of saturated fat, low exercise, smoking and obesity increases cholesterol, says Sandvik.

Hereditary factors can also contribute to high cholesterol.

Disease contributing to high cholesterol

A number of diseases can also contribute to the development of high cholesterol.

– It’s about diabetes, low metabolism and kidney and liver disease, says Sandvik.

In addition, several types of drugs can contribute to an unfavorable amount of cholesterol in the blood.

– For example, medicines like diuretic drugs, beta blockers or cardiac medicine, cortisone and estrogen, says Sandvik.

Dietary advice

Cholesterol in the blood is lowered by diet and medication.

The grip that protects against heartbreak

SOURCES Åse Kringlebotn, Communication Manager Matprat Gunhild wedge Sandvik Technical editor in Pharmacy 1 and Kjetil Retterstøl, physician at Lipid Clinic at the University Hospital and Professor at the Department of Food Science at the University of Oslo. PHOTO: Private

A primary goal of cardiovascular diet is to lower the level of cholesterol in the bloodstream.

Drugs

Drugs used for high cholesterol:

  • statin
  • Resins
  • Cholesterol-absorbsjonshemmer
  • omega-3 fatty acid
  • Combination Drug
  • Nicotinic acid

Source: Pharmacy 1.

– This is largely done by using healthier types of fat, plenty of fruits and vegetables, says Sandvik.

– Reduce the intake of saturated fat and trans fat and increase the intake of unsaturated fatty acids, “says Sandvik..

– Have a healthy and varied diet and make sure you have enough exercise, “says Moxness.

– Overweight people should try to lose weight, says Moxness.

A heart-healthy diet

  1. Replace fat dairy products and meat products with lean ones.
  2. Replace butter and hard margarine with soft margarine and oils.
  3. Take omega-3 grants and eat fat fish twice a week.
  4. Eat at least five servings of fruit and vegetables a day.
  5. Increase daily exercise and adjust food intake to consume consumption to avoid overweight.

Source: Pharmacy 1.

Cholesterol in Food

Cholesterol is found only in foods from the animal kingdom, also called animal foods.

– This is meat and feed, milk, cheese, eggs, butter, solid margarine and shrimp carrots, says Kringebotn.

But cholesterol in food has little to say for blood cholesterol levels.

The grip that protects against heartbreak

EGG INCREASES COOLESTEROL LEVEL: Limit your intake of eggs to lower your cholesterol level. ILLUSTRATION PHOTO: Colorbox

– They are the saturated fatty acids in the food that increase blood cholesterol, says Kringlebotn.

Replace:

  • Meat dough with carbonate dough
  • Escape with kesam
  • Served and other hot meat or fish toppings with hot dogs
  • Light milk with extra light or preferably foam
  • Butter with soft plant margarine or vegetable oils with no coconut and palm oil
  • Fat cheese with low fat cheese
  • Sugar bristles with water or light brittle
  • Light chocolate with nuts or dark chocolate

Source: Kjetil Retterstøl, general practitioner at Lipid Clinic at Rikshospitalet and professor at the Department of Nutrition Sciences at the University of Oslo.

The grip that protects against heartbreak

These are the healthiest dark chocolate

The grip that protects against heartbreak

Therefore you should drop the meat dough

The polyunsaturated fatty acids lower blood cholesterol.

Overlege Tonstad is therefore advised to eat more plant fat.

– Like olive oil, rapeseed oil, light margarine, mayonnaise, avocado, seeds and nuts.

Cholesterol-increasing coffee trend

Coffee contains a fatty substance called coffee chair.

– This has a strong cholesterol-increasing effect, and is why you warn against the use of cookware, “says Sandvik..

Espresso and coffee from the press can also contain this substance.

However, the fat in the coffee is possible to remove using a filter paper, “says Sandvik.

– Filter coffee and instant coffee therefore do not have the same cholesterol-increasing effect, and can be used daily also when lowering cholesterol, says Sandvik.

10 tips for lower cholesterol

  1. Reduce the amount of saturated fat in your diet
  2. Use little or nothing mayonnaise
  3. Use only 1 egg a week
  4. Avoid cheeses with more than 20 percent fat
  5. Eat more carbohydrates, fruits, vegetables and coarse bread
  6. Eat more fish
  7. Drink only moderate amounts of alcohol
  8. Eat smaller sweets and cake, salty snacks and chips
  9. Avoid cookware
  10. Cut the smoking

READ ALSO:

Eat well and go down one kilo every week

– Do not Deny Carbohydrates

Is it easy to drink light brown?

The grip that protects against heartbreak

HEARTLY: Take omega-3 supplements and eat fat fish twice a week, Pharmacies 1. ILLUSTRATION PHOTO: Colorbox

When should you contact a doctor?

  • If members of the family have experienced cardiovascular disease at a young age
  • If you suspect high cholesterol
  • If you are taking high cholesterol medicines and experience side effects

Source: Pharmacy 1.

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