Symptoms of anxiety and depression
Animal Public Health
– Mental illness is the country’s most expensive disease group and costs Norway around 185 billion kroner a year.
– It is as much as our total investment in oil and gas last year, as much as it says in Folketrygdfondet, three times the total city budget of Oslo, one third more than the cost of all cancer diseases together, one third more than the cost of all cardiac disorders together.
– For every person who is disabled in Norway due to a mental illness, Norway loses 21 working years (retirement age of 67).
– There is no disease group that causes the country a greater health loss. Only 13 percent of the costs are processing costs. The rest is so-called indirect costs, reduced productivity, impaired living and social security costs.
The paradoxical is that half of the costs are due to disorders that we could largely prevent, namely anxiety disorders and depression, as we also have quite good treatment methods for.
(Source: Arne Holte, Assistant Director of the Institute of Public Health and Professor of Health Psychology at the University of Oslo. )
The heart thunders, adrenaline pumps, stomach prickles, dots in the skin and chest tightens.
Figures from the Norwegian Institute of Public Health show that between 30 and 50 per cent of the Norwegian population will be affected by mental illness during life.
Catharina Elisabeth Arfwedson Wang, Professor of Clinical Psychology at the University of Arctic Studies, believes that it is a great paradox that we live in the richest countries in the world and at the same time have such a high incidence of mental disorders and disorders.
– The reasons are probably complex, but an important explanation for the high numbers may be increased mapping and diagnosis of mental symptoms and disorders. The population has probably also become more willing to report mental disorders as there have become less prejudices about mental disorders, says Wang.
The professor nevertheless believes that there are many relationships with the welfare community that can lead to an increased occurrence of mental symptoms and disorders:
– For example, anticipated pressures, time constraints, negative stress, and resolution of protective social relationships such as big families and conservative neighborhoods, she says.
Anxiety and depression are important symptoms
Wang believes at the same time that we have begun to illuminate life pain:
– Anxiety and depression are normal to have, it is important symptoms to regulate the individual. I mean that you have made it sick to feel a bit heavy to mind and boring. It may be the focus that “Oi! I’m not happy, what’s wrong? “One makes themselves sick and it becomes a kind of self-fulfilling prophecy, she says.
Instead of more challenges, Wang believes that there are other types of challenges for young people today.
– By nature, symptoms of anxiety and depression are signals that one is struggling with their life situation.
The professor believes that one must ask what is characteristic of today’s society.
– Key characteristics are strong expectations of success in every way; school, education, career career, sport, outdoor life, body, look, clothes and so on. And through social media we compare ourselves with the best and it goes without saying that everyone can not be the best in everything. Thus, there is a discrepancy between own expectations and what is possible to achieve, which can lead to depression, anxiety and fatigue, says Wang.
As common as physical illness
Arne Holte, Assistant Director of the Institute of Public Health and Professor of Health Psychology at the University of Oslo, believes that the high numbers reflect that mental illness is as common as physical illness.
100. 000 more women than men suffer
In Statistics Norway’s studies, figures from 2014 show that significantly more women than men were diagnosed with some form of mental illness or disorder:
- Women between 20-29 years: 121. 532 diagnosed.
- Men between 20-29 years: 80. 492 diagnosed.
- Women between 30-49 years: 337. 439 diagnosed.
- Men between 30-49 years: 221. 648 diagnosed.
Do you worry ill?
– And so we must relate to it – as something common and as many of us will be affected by some time or another during life. Some will die of it, someone will have to live with it all, some will need treatment, and for some it goes by itself, Holte says.
Some of the most important risk factors for mental illness are, according to Holte:
- Genetic and other biological vulnerabilities, such as alcohol, tobacco, depression or toxic stress in pregnancy.
- Persistent stresses in life, such as outside and social isolation, serious life events, childcare and school difficulties, bullying, conflicting family relationships and divorce.
- Serious mental illness and / or substance abuse problems with mother or father, abuse and abuse.
- To come as a refugee or asylum seeker for poor living conditions in the country of destination.
- In addition, increasing social inequality in itself sees to be an important driver of inferior health in general.
majority of young
Results from the Health and Living Conditions Survey 2008 showed that it was most young people in the 25-44 age group with mental disorders, a total of 10.4 per cent.
According to Knudsen, the results match with other studies showing that mental disorders often debute during adolescence or young adulthood. This is also the age group where the occurrence is highest, both in Norway and other western countries.
– Puberty, adolescence and the age of young adults are a time of great change in life. One must become more independent and independent of the parents, find their own identity, move from home and establish themselves on their own, friend networks become more important, the basis for further schooling and career is often added during this time. Many experiment with substance abuse, and hormones and emotions are raging, explains the researcher.
She believes that one is then extremely vulnerable to developing a mental disorder.
Many young people report high pressures, and new challenges such as social media, and focus on performance at school and health, may help more people at risk of developing a mental disorder, Knudsen says..
According to the researcher, it seems that more young people now use anti-psychiatric drugs, such as antidepressants, , but this may also be the result of increased openness or change in prescribing practice among doctors rather than one real increase in the occurrence of mental disorders.
Wang believes there is no doubt that it’s about expectations for themselves, time constraints and reduced access to social, supportive family and neighboring networks.
– Generation between 25-44 years is very hectic and is often double-working. I think it’s good that women have started working, but it puts pressure on the family situation, because you have children and are going to master both family and work at one go, “said the professor..
This will reduce mental disorders
Holte believes that most people think that the most important thing to reduce the number of mental illnesses in Norway is to find those individuals who are developing mental disorders.
– It’s good, but such a strategy will never be able to reduce the burden of mental disorders for society. Here, only the wide population-oriented measures help, says the professor.
Holte believes the following measures should be prioritized:
Keep people at work: So that most people can live a normal life with living-income and meaningful activity and social community that one can live with.
Social arrangements: Providing safety and development opportunities for the family – it’s in the family, whether it’s two, three or many, that the foundation for a good and bad mental health is added. Strange that we have not put in place a population-oriented course offer outside child welfare and health services about family life skills for all new-born parents!
High-quality kindergartens for all: High-quality kindergartens protect vulnerable children from mental disorders when it’s scrubbed at home. And then kindergartens, schools, neighborhoods, jobs, cultural and sports organizations must become mental health-promoting organizations. Let’s start measuring them whether they are mentally health-promoting or not!
Wang believes that politicians must acquire knowledge of what promotes mental health in a social perspective.
– When so large sections of the population strive psychologically, the answer is to be found at the social and not at the individual level. We must build a society where everyone feels included, safe and valued, as well as experiencing mastering regardless of skills and skills. We need to strengthen young children’s families socially by forming more family and health centers and strengthening social protection at school and in working life.
Short-term mental illness
Ann Kristin Knudsen is a researcher at the Department of Social and Mental Health at the Norwegian Institute of Public Health and is one of the contributors in the research report Psychiatric Disorders in Norway: A public health perspective.
– With such high numbers as 30 to 50 percent, one might talk that experience with a mental disorder is so common that it is part of a normal life. For most, this will go over by itself. It is nevertheless felt as bad and difficult for those who are affected, and for those around, Knudsen says.
Although more women than men are affected by mental illness, gender differences between the different types of disorders vary, according to the National Institute of Public Health:
- Eating disorder occurs almost only among women, and there is also a much higher incidence of anxiety and depression among women than among men.
- For personality disorders and schizophrenia, the results vary slightly between different surveys. Some studies show no clear gender differences, others indicate an overweight among men. Rest-related disorders and ADHD are far more common among men than among women.
Six characters you’re a perfectionist
The researcher finds it difficult to say what the main reason for these high numbers is, but supports Wang’s theory of openness:
– For some reason, there may be greater openness about these disorders, so that more people will report that they recognize the symptoms described.
Knudsen emphasizes at the same time that these figures are very uncertain since no extensive survey of mental disorders in the Norwegian population has been conducted since the 1990s.
Given that the numbers are somewhat striking, it is also important to keep in mind that most affected by a mental illness will have relatively mild and short-lived issues of the disorders, “Knudsen says..
The researcher mentions that the most common disorder is specific phobia, for example for dogs, syringes, heights and the like.
– Many will also experience a shorter period of life with mild depression, or with a rubbish, such as a short period of time when alcohol is used in an unfortunate manner. For some, however, the disorders will be long-term and chronic, they will often return and they will have a major impact on their function, for example at school, workplace or with the closest, “says Knudsen..