Symptoms of atopic eczema
- Atopic eczema is a chronic inflammatory condition that causes a red, scaly rash in the skin. It is the most children who get atopic eczema. Half have normal skin before they start school, and 90 percent are rid of the plagues of puberty age. Atopic eczema is not an allergic reaction, but in some cases the condition may be aggravated by allergies.
- Atopic eczema gives intense itching. The best treatment is to avoid factors that irritate the skin, such as heat, sweat, woolen cloth and dust.
- Treatment against rash is anti-inflammatory drugs that are lubricated on the skin.
Source: The heelseksikon. no
Rash, itching, dry skin and occasional infections …
Atopic eczema (childhood eczema) is complex and, as parents, it can be easy to worry.
Information about how things are going together will probably calm down most parents.
There is no treatment that can cure atopic eczema, but there are several treatment methods that can improve the ailments and help keep the disease at risk, writes the Hekseksikon. no.
There are not many consultations that are necessary, but it’s important to spend time on the first one, because parents are often tired, have tried a lot already and are little receptive to information, says Bjørn Bondevik, dermatologist at Dr.. Bondevik’s clinic.
When the parents are calm down they are advised of preventative measures and about the basic treatment to keep the skin soft with oil in the bath water and moisturizers. In severe cases, cortisone or light treatment may be necessary, says Bondevik.
It is also being investigated for allergies, and if there is any infection in the skin, it is initiated with so-called acute treatment (antiseptics, antibiotics or cortisone cream).
– It is important to regulate the treatment intensity according to how harsh or widespread the eczema is, and you usually lend yourself to the eczema when it comes to treatment, “says Jon Skranes, child doctor at Syktbarn. no.
The basic treatment, the first step on the ladder, is to keep the skin soft and moist with daily smears with moisturizers and oil. After trying this and it continues to flare eczema, you will often try the weakest steroids (corticosteroids) for a few weeks.
If the eczema continues to expand beyond, it takes one step further with stronger stereo salves. The treatment may be repeated after a few weeks’ break before you step up on the ladder.
Humidity is a key word all the way, because once the skin gets dry it starts to clench that the child starts to claw it. Then it can quickly become sores and infections because bacteria are found in the eczema.
– In case of infection, consider disinfecting bath or ointment containing antibiotics or antiseptics. Then it has become an eczema that has been infected, says Skranes.
This occurs, especially one thing you should know
Read more in the Healing section about.
- Skin Diseases
- Insecticide Allergy
- Pigment spot
- Latex allergy
- Acne (acne)
To prevent infection, keep the skin moist to protect it so it does not get damaged when the baby is clapping or chlorinating. Because it’s the damaged skin bacteria can easily penetrate, so it’s about giving it a good barrier that protects.
Since children with atopic eczema have a particularly delicate skin, some will respond to strong soaps and detergents, or they may need clothes that are a little annoying. It’s also a point to cut the fingernails to the child so they do not scratch and destroy the skin by getting dressed.
Occasionally there are known allergens like dust and domestic animals. Some foods may exacerbate the eczema, without saying that the child is allergic to that or the food and that is why it causes eczema.
– Atopic eczema is not an allergic disease, but those who get atopic eczema in early childhood can more often get asthma or hay fever later in childhood. So it looks like there is an allergic disposition here, says Skranes.
Bondevik also works out of the diet and will encourage its colleagues in dermatology – even if the topic is controversial – to become more curious about the diet’s effect of atopic eczema.
– A good prevention and treatment of atopic eczema (including infants) is the use of various dietary supplements like omega 3 fatty acids and antioxidants, and supplements of probiotics, ie culture milk on capsule, says Bondevik.
Skin disorders can tell a lot about your health
He emphasizes that the supplement is usually an additional treatment for the traditional treatments, but his experience for several years is that the need for cortisone and light (UVA / B) is reduced by using the correct types of vitamins, minerals and fatty acids, and that relapses is less frequent and milder.
The treatment and prevention of atopic eczema is based on four aspects of the disease; rash, itching, dry skin and possible infection.
Treatment against rashes involves anti-inflammatory drugs that are lubricated on the skin. The first choice is corticosteroids. Such drugs are divided into different groups (1-4) depending on the strength. An example of such a preparation is hydrocortisone, which belongs to group 1 (the weakest group). Furthermore, there are drugs that specifically enter and affect inappropriate response from the immune system, so-called immunomodulatory therapy. Calcineurin inhibitors belong to this drug group.
Treatment against itching is first and foremost to try to avoid factors that trigger itching. Examples can be heat, wool, sweat and dust. In other words, a good treatment may be to not wear wool directly against the skin and avoid too hot clothing. Rinse the laundry well after washing may be appropriate. To prevent chlorination, the nails should be kept short and you may want to sleep with full-length pajamas, usually with small children. So-called sedative antihistamines seem calming and can be used to improve sleep if there is intense itching.
Dry skin treatment, for example, involves keeping the skin moist. To achieve this, one can use, among other things, moisturizer moisturizers that are applied several times during the day. Furthermore, oil baths are recommended. Shower tends to dry out the skin so that this should be kept to a minimum. One should use bath oils rather than shower soaps, and generally avoid basic soaps.
Treatment for infection: In the case of fluid eczema there is usually an infection. It can be treated with ointment antibiotics that are lubricated on the skin (optionally in tablet form if there is a greater infection in the eczema). Furthermore, there are various disinfectant baths, including crystal filet bath and potassium permanganate bath bactericidal.
Hospitalization is rarely necessary, but a few are so bothered that this is relevant. Something that is mostly used for hospitalization is light treatment with various combinations of UV light, wet bandage over drugs that are lubricated on the skin to improve the absorption of the drug, tar bath and more comprehensive anti-inflammatory treatment, called systemic.
- Anti-Inflammatory Drugs
- Immunization Treatment
- calcineurin inhibitors
- Disinfecting Bath
Source: The heelseksikon. no