First aid in case of burns
Prevent the fire!
Fire protection is about preventing and restricting fire. Preventing fire will say to find and remove fire sources before fire occurs. To limit fire will say to take measures to minimize the consequences if fire nevertheless occurs. On the website of the Norwegian Fire Protection Association there are good tips on what to do to protect you and your fire department. no. As a minimum action, be sure to check the battery in the smoke detector and that you have enough smoke detectors deployed in the home.
Source: Red Cross First Aid
December is the worst fire month of the year. In the Christmas and New Year’s Succeed, in fact, more than 50 percent burn more homes than otherwise.
The Norwegian Fire Protection Association writes on its web pages.
Live light and forgotten pots
These are the most common fire causes in December:
- Forgotten stews on the stove
- Living Light
- Old Electric Christmas Decoration
– The most common fire hazards in Christmas are first and foremost caution when using candlelight and accident by missing stews on the stove. In December we cook and cook more food than usual, and gladly combined with the fact that we are going to get a lot at once, “says CEO of Red Cross First Aid, Fredrik Andre Aasebø.
Forget about or be careless then you can risk major burns.
– On top of it all, many people are going to enjoy hot fireworks at New Year’s Eve. Combined with alcohol, this will be very dangerous, he says.
Once the damage has occurred, it is important to act properly. Aasebø in the Red Cross explains what to do:
– When someone has burned, remove the person from the heat. If there is fire in the clothes, you must turn this off first. But do not remove burned clothes!
– If the person is awake and breathing, cool down the water with water. Cold water for the first two minutes, then lukewarm water for at least 20 minutes.
The extent of the fire damage determines the severity. That is, a large burned surface with 2. Degree of combustion can be more severe than a smaller 3. degree of combustion.
Children more prone to serious burns
Children are more likely to be more serious than adults.
– In adults, we say that you must seek medical advice if there is anthrax combustion. But with children, you have to check the doctor for a first-time burn, says Aasebø..
– If you are unsure, it is always advisable to call 113, GP or emergency medical service. It is also important to ensure that the body temperature is not lowered, especially on children.
Fire-fighting after cooling
There are special firebreakers on the market.
These do not replace cooling with water, but they are nice to put on after you have cooled down with water.
– Remember that there is a risk of infection in case of burns. After cooling, the damage is covered with sterile dressing, explains Aasebø.
Degrees of combustion
There are three combustion levels.
1. GRADS INCORPORATION: This one gets, for example, too much sunshine. The skin turns red and hot. It can be very painful. It is the upper skin that is being burned. Normally this is not a serious injury. If it covers large areas of the body, and especially on children, consult a physician. The damage is cooled down with cold water for a short period of time and then lukewarm water for 20 minutes. Can also be refined with ointments.
Number of deaths in fire
Despite the fact that December is the worst fire month of the year, the number of people killed in fire has been reduced compared to other years. According to the Directorate for Social Security and Emergency Preparedness (DSB), the number of deaths in fires in recent years has declined after a few years of increasing trend. In 2011, 46 people died in fire, which was the lowest since DSB started the registrations in 1979. In 2012, the figure further dropped to 40 people. One of the reasons why fewer dies in fire every year is because we have become better at preventive measures.
Source: Dsb. no
2. GRADS INCREASE is a more serious damage. Here the heat has penetrated much deeper into the skin. In addition to the fact that the skin is red, there are blisters that are filled with liquid. The pain is also more powerful. Such damage can be life threatening, whether it is over a larger area. Cool with water. Cold water the first two minutes. Then lukewarm watered for the next 20 minutes. Call a doctor or 1-1-3 if the injury is greater than a few centimeters, is on the hands, feet, joints, genitals, face or on the buttocks..
3. GRADS INCORPORATION is the most serious fire damage. Here the heat has penetrated throughout the skin layer. You will see that the skin is charred. The skin may also be leathery, gray, brown or white. The area is also without pain or feeling. In some cases the skin is reddish or has blood-stained blisters. It is not possible to look at the surface where the damage is deep. This is a very serious injury. Cool with water and call 1-1-3. Cold water the first two minutes. Then lukewarm watered for the next 20 minutes.
Source: Adm. Director of the Red Cross First Aid, Fredrik Andre Aasebø
Good advice when the accident is out
Eirik Berteig Rustan in Pharmacy 1 mentions seven tips to keep in mind when burns to Click Health:
- Immediately cool the area with cold / lukewarm water for at least 15 minutes.
- To avoid a general cooling of the body, it is important that you only cool down the damage site.
- For larger areas, use the shower or immerse the person in a lukewarm bath.
- In case of larger burns, cooling should continue until you get skilled help.
- If you do not have access to water, use a fire gun to cool and relieve pain.
- Do not use oils or greasy creams on the burn.
- Clothes that are stuck in the wound should be removed by a doctor.
– You should expect your doctor to find out what’s wrong with you
Anniken (29) cared for his own funeral