Infections

One thing you need to do is to make the smoothie harmless

May contain hepatitis A. If you follow this simple advice, smoothia becomes completely harmless

One thing you need to do is to make the smoothie harmless

What is hepatitis?

Hepatitis means inflammation of the liver.

Many viruses can cause hepatitis, and the most important are hepatitis A virus, hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus. Some (but not all) who are infected with these viruses will get signs of jaundice (yellow color in eyes and on skin), lethargy, nausea or abdominal pain. Based on the symptoms, it is not possible to determine which of the viruses you are infected with. Just a blood test can show it.

An estimated 40,000 – 60,000 people live with chronic infection caused by the hepatitis B or C virus in Norway.

Source: Public Health Institute (FHI)

Treatment of hepatitis A

Hepatitis A can be a troublesome disease, but it goes by itself without treatment. It never becomes chronic. If you have had hepatitis A, you will be immune for the rest of your life.

Source: Public Health Institute (FHI)

It’s tempting to make healthy, tasty smoothies with frozen berries now as it goes by summer.

Then you should be aware of one thing: You can get hepatitis A if you do not take any precautions.

– Most people believe that frozen berries and vegetables are completely harmless to eat, and are unaware that viruses can thrive well in frozen products. Especially the hepatitis A virus is highly resistant, says Ellen Samuelsen, a doctor at Sentrum Reisemedisin.

Since January 2013, several countries west of Europe have registered an increasing number of hepatitis A infected persons, which can not be explained by traveling abroad.

Read more about hepatitis A in the Helseconcept. no

Berries must be cooked

The Public Health Institute (FHI) also reports an increase in reported cases of hepatitis A in Norway so far this year.

They suspect that the source of infection is imported, frozen berries.

– Imported frozen berries have also previously caused multiple outbreaks of both hepatitis A and norovirus. As a precaution, we recommend that you cook all imported frozen berries for one minute before use in dishes that are not heat-treated, “says Laila Jensvoll, Senior Advisor to the Food Safety Authority..

Hepatitis A

– Hepatitis A is a virus that causes acute hepatitis. It contaminates contaminated foods or drinks, for example through poor hand hygiene. The disease is very common in most non-western countries, where most indigenous people undergo disease during their childhood years, says Samuelsen.

Children get mild symptoms of hepatitis A and they achieve lifelong protection against the disease. If you get hepatitis A in adulthood, you can get more powerful symptoms for one to several weeks.

– Classic symptoms include fever, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and subsequent yellowish skin.

The urine may turn dark and the stool will light if you have hepatitis A.

Avoid infection

According to the Norwegian Institute of Public Health (FHI), it is important to be careful with the hand wash in connection with cooking and toilet visits.

Other preventive measures against hepatitis infection on foreign trips are to drink water that is boiled or sold in bottles, avoiding salads, uncooked vegetables and fruit that can not be peeled.

Avoid scalding food that is not sufficiently cooked.

Spray users must avoid using unclean syringes and other user equipment. Free vaccines are given to drug addicts and to people who have diseases that make them particularly vulnerable to hepatitis A or serious consequences of this disease.

Vaccination

There is a very effective vaccine against hepatitis A. One dose provides protection for approximately one year.

– If you take a new dose after 6-12 months you will achieve lifelong immunity. The vaccine is recommended when traveling to the colored areas on the map below, “said Samuelsen.

It is recommended that you vaccinate against hepatitis A before leaving to Western and Central Europe, Canary Islands, Canada, USA, South Korea, Japan, Australia and New Zealand, according to the Institute of Public Health (FHI).

There is also a combination vaccine with both hepatitis A and B in the same syringe.

– With three vaccine doses within 6-12 months you will most likely achieve lifelong protection against the diseases.

You can find your nearest vaccine clinic on www. vaksine1. no.

One thing you need to do is to make the smoothie harmless

FORECAST OF HEPATIT A: Dark green is a high occurrence. Light green medium occurrence. The map is taken from CDC.

Hepatitis B

Treatment of hepatitis B

It may be appropriate to treat chronic hepatitis B with special medicines to slow down the development of severe liver disease, but treatment will rarely cause you to get rid of the virus too well..

Source: Public Health Institute (FHI)

Hepatitis B infects through unprotected sex, from mother to child at birth and through blood by splitting spray equipment.

– Most people who are infected with hepatitis B will develop symptoms similar to symptoms such as hepatitis A in the initial phase within two to six months. A chronic carrier condition will eventually cause cirrhosis and increase the risk of liver cancer. In addition, you have the ability to infect others with the disease, “says Sauelsen.

To prevent infection with hepatitis B, it is recommended to use condom as protection against sexual infection, and clean syringes and user equipment protect against blood infection among injecting abusers.

There is a hepatitis B vaccine.

Full vaccination against hepatitis B consists of three vaccine doses spread over at least six months.

People who are particularly vulnerable to infection may receive a free vaccine. For example, this applies to injecting drug addicts, men who have sex with men and people living with a chronic carrier of the virus, according to the Institute of Public Health (FHI).

Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C is infected through the sharing of used syringes, from mother to child at birth and, in rare cases, by sexual contact.

Treatment of hepatitis C

In recent years, treatment for chronic hepatitis C has improved considerably. Anyone who is diagnosed with chronic hepatitis C infection should therefore be considered by a specialist for treatment. Upon successful treatment, you will get rid of the virus, but you will not be protected from being infected again if you continue risky behavior.

Source: Public Health Institute (FHI)

There is no vaccine against hepatitis C and you prevent disease by preventing the transmission of blood and body fluids from potentially infected persons, “says Samuelsen..

Most people who are currently diagnosed with hepatitis C have been infected with previous or current injection or through blood transfusion many years ago.

Today, all blood donors are tested. As for hepatitis B, the use of unclean syringes is the most common type of infection in hepatitis C. Sexual infection can occur in rare cases, according to the Institute of Public Health (FHI).

Low risk of hepatitis A

infection

The infection risk of hepatitis A in Norway is still low, but the Public Health Institute (FHI) advises consumers to cook imported frozen berries for at least one minute before eating them.

One thing you need to do is to make the smoothie harmless

HEPATITT A IN BEAR: The Public Health Institute (FHI) is advised to boil imported frozen berries for at least one minute before eating them. Photo: ILLUSTRATION PHOTO: Colorbox

This is because hepatitis A virus survives freezing and boiling the berries kills the virus. The berries should “bubble” for at least one minute, indicating that they are boiling.

One thing you need to do is to make the smoothie harmless

– Do not put frozen food on the grill

One thing you need to do is to make the smoothie harmless

Therefore, say no to ice cubes

You should pay extra attention to dishes that are not heat-treated, such as smoothies and other desserts with frozen berries. There is so far no suspicion of infection in Norwegian-produced berries.

– If you suspect you may be infected, consult a doctor for a blood test and any further investigation.. Proven infected carriers must be extra careful with hand hygiene and preferably avoid preparing food for others, says Samuelsen.

So far, the interview shows that 19 have been infected so far this year that many have eaten woodcake imported from Germany in the time before they became ill.

The Norwegian Food Safety Authority and the Norwegian importer Marexim pulled the product from the market before Easter.

– The Norwegian Institute of Public Health and Food Safety will continue the matter and do not rule out that there may be other sources of infection. Suspected source of infection has been frozen imported berries. It is therefore recommended to continue to boil frozen frozen berries for one minute before being used in dishes that are not heat-treated, says Senior Advisor Line Vold at the Institute of Public Health..

Also read:

Remember a vaccine before the vacation trip

Therefore, the veska is a bacterial bomb

8 myths about vaccine

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