Reduces the risk of breast cancer. Stop smoking, stop drinking alcohol, be in physical activity.
Currently from the Helseconcept. no:
- Abnormal bleeding
- Muscle nodules
- Ovarian Cancer
- Lung Cancer
- Cervical Cancer
- Cervical Cancer
– Breast cancer is the cancer that affects most women, “says Solveig Hofvind, director of the Mammography Program.
According to Hofvind, 3220 women received breast cancer in 2013, and the figure is higher now than in the 1990s.
– Some of the explanation that the number is higher is probably the mammography program. It is the organized screening for breast cancer, offered to all women between the ages of 50 and 69. Here, the tumors are exposed to an earlier stage of disease development, increasing the likelihood of survival, she says..
Fortunately, the forecasts are good for those who get cancer.
Hofvind reports that mortality in breast cancer is significantly lower today than it was in the mid 1990s and that the proportion living five years after diagnosis has increased.
– In the 1990s, about 20 percent of women died with breast cancer within five years after diagnosis, while this figure is currently around 10 percent, she says.
The explanation is that more cases are detected earlier through mammography and that treatment methods have improved.
– tumors can also be detected without mammography, but usually at a later stage in disease development, she adds.
There is no evidence that breast cancer tumors disappear by themselves, according to Hofvind, but some tumors detected on screening grow so slowly that they would not give symptoms during the woman’s lifetime.
Some people therefore believe that the mammography program causes tumors you may not have had to remove being removed.
The problem is that today it is not possible to know which tumors grow slowly and which grow so fast they are a risk. Thus, all women with tumors that contain cancer cells are treated. Also a part that would never have been dangerous, she says.
Hofvind emphasizes that detecting slow-growing tumors is not the same as misdiagnosis. Slowly growing tumors also contain cancer cells.
However, the increase in the number of cases is due not only to screening, better diagnostic methods and changing risk patterns, “she says..
Many also suggest that our lifestyle can help increase the risk of breast cancer.
– We also know that hormonal conditions, such as age at first menstruation, age at first birth and hormone-related hormones may be of significance to the risk of the disease, “she says..
This can increase the risk of breast cancer
- Early first menstrual period and late menopause
- Do not give birth to children
- Do not have children until after the age of 35
- Night work
- Prolonged use of estrogen supplementation
Source: Cancer Association
Symptoms of breast cancer
- Bullshit or swelling of the chest
- Fun or swelling of the armpit
- Retraction or soak in the skin of the breasts
- Nipple pulling inward or pointing in a direction other than usual
- Redness or other color change of skin on the breasts
- Rash-like skin changes on breasts or nipples
- Skin thickening or orange skin
- Blurred or blood-mixed fluid from the nipple
- From menopause, recent chest pain
Source: Cancer Association
Men can also get breast cancer, but here the numbers are far more modest.
Every year, 10-20 men are affected by this form of cancer, and here the occurrence has remained stable over the last 50 years.
– At the moment, we can not say anything about what are the direct causes of breast cancer, but today we know a lot of risk factors. For example, we know that legacy plays an important role, says cancer nurses in the Cancer Society Else Støring.
She states that the risks BRC1 and BRC2 are available for both breast cancer and cervical cancer and that some of those who detect these genes therefore choose to remove their breasts to reduce the risk of breast cancer.
According to Hofvind, however, less than five percent of the cases are due to inheritance.
High number of menstruations
Stirring further confirms that it is known that early menstruation and late menopause increase the risk of breast cancer.
– That means having a high number of menstruations throughout life, is available for this cancer form, she says.
The reason for this is that the risk of breast cancer is correlated with the estrogen levels in the body, and during the menstrual period, estrogen production increases.
– For the same reason, risk will increase if you have never given birth to a child. In the periods you get pregnant, you do not have menstrual periods and thus lower estrogen production. Thus, getting more children will reduce the risk, but of course, it does not mean that you get breast cancer if you do not get any children, “she says..
Caution with alcohol
The inheritance and when the menstrual period comes, we can not do anything about it, but there are also risk factors that we can influence more.
– Being overweight increases the risk, and also here is the estrogen level that is the cause. Estrogen is produced in the fat tissue. If you are overweight, you will therefore fall into the risk group for both breast cancer and gynecological cancer, “she says..
It is also recommended to be moderate with alcohol, as alcohol intake also increases the risk.
– There is no safe, lower limit for how much alcohol you can drink. For each glass you drink, the risk of cancer increases. If you want to drink alcohol, it is therefore advisable to have low consumption both in terms of cancer risk and for good health in general, she says.
Stiring recommends following the general diet and lifestyle advice.
The risk of hereditary breast cancer increases if family members are
- Women with breast cancer under 50 years
- Two close relatives with breast cancer under 55 years
- Three close relatives with breast cancer regardless of age
- Men with breast cancer
- A woman under 60 years of age with cancer in both breasts (bilateral breast cancer)
- A woman with breast cancer and close relatives with ovarian cancer
- A woman with breast cancer and close relative with prostate cancer under 55 years
- A woman with ovarian cancer, regardless of age
- A woman under 60 years of triple negative breast cancer, ie the tumor does not have receptors for the hormones estrogen and progesterone and the tumor marker HER2.
Source: Cancer Association
Each year in October, the Breast Cancer Association arranges the Pink Ribbon Action in collaboration with the Cancer Association.
The action was started in the United States, where women in the early 1990s demanded greater grants for breast cancer research.
Since then, the action has spread to several countries, and in Norway it was organized for the first time in 1999.
Source: Breast Cancer Association
– eating healthy and varied and being in physical activity prevents both cancer and other diseases. When we also know that a healthy lifestyle prevents overweight, and that obesity increases the risk of cancer, eating healthy and moving in a way has a dual effect in this context, she says.
It is recommended to stay in moderate activity for 60 minutes or drive more strenuous activity for at least 30 minutes each day.
There is probably also a correlation between night work over many years and breast cancer in women.
If you want to know if you are available for breast cancer through inheritance, it is possible to take a re-test.
– Should it prove that you have the BRC1 or BRC2 gene you will be closely monitored. The advantage of this is that a possible cancer diagnosis can be made quickly and the chance of becoming cancer-free increases, says Støring.
In other words, all women between the ages of 50 and 69 are called into mammography.
– This is a very small group, because there are many younger and older women who are breast cancer. Cancer Association is therefore working to get a larger group into the mammography program, she says.
Get to know the breasts
For as long as you’re under 50 or over 69, either get a doctor’s referral, which becomes more expensive than if you get the survey through the mammography program, or go to control privately and pay yourself.
One of the most important things you can do before you reach the age of 50 may be familiar with your breasts.
By knowing and studying them on a regular basis, you will more easily see changes.
– Do it about once a month while you shower. It is easier to know properly with soap on your hands and if it takes too long between each time, it’s hard to remember how it was last. Please start before you reach 30, says Støring.
Be aware that bullets in the chest are not the only sign that something may be wrong.
Also chest tightness or altered nipples are signs you should take seriously.