Diseases

– May cause long-term damage to pulmonary tissue and, in the worst case, death

This can cause chemical pneumonia

- May cause long-term damage to pulmonary tissue and, in the worst case, death

- May cause long-term damage to pulmonary tissue and, in the worst case, death

SALMIAKK OG KLOR: Together, this gives a chemical reaction called chlorine monoxide. This is respiratory irritant and can cause chemical pneumonia. Photo: Getty Images

Chemical pneumonia is an inflammatory state of the respiratory tract which is neither due to bacteria or viruses.

The most common cause is the inhalation of an irritating gas or a petroleum product enters the respiratory tract.

There are several chemicals that can cause chemical pneumonia.

One of the common causes is the combination of salmiakk and chlorine that gives the chemical reaction chlorine monoxide. This is respiratory irritant and can lead to chemical pneumonia.

Lise G. Ringstad, Senior Adviser at the Department of Poison Information at the Norwegian Institute of Public Health, says that they also receive a lot of inquiries about inhalation of petroleum products like fluids and whitespirit.

– For example, children may be sucking on a food cost, she says.

People who have been exposed to micro-dust and small particles after fire may also experience chemical pneumonia.

– The same also applies to people suffering from reflux or who have had anesthesia, or other situations where one can inhale their own stomach contents, says Cecilie Revhaug.

She is a senior at the Children’s Clinic at Oslo University Hospital and also works as a specialist in childhood diseases at the KAL Clinic.

Foreign Airways

Foreign body airways in children can also cause chemical pneumonia.

Chemical Pneumonia

  • You can also get pneumonia by breathing toxic gases or corrosive chemicals.
  • If you are weakened and throwing away, you may risk inhalation that may cause chemical pneumonia.
  • Irritant gases, petroleum products and foreign bodies in the respiratory system may cause chemical pneumonia.
  • Symptoms are dry or mucous, fever, fast heart rate, headache, severe breathing, respiratory distress and occasional chest pain and abdominal pain.

Source: lhl. no and Knut Erik Hovda, Ovedlege at Oslo University Hospital.

– Peanuts or pieces of peanuts in the respiratory system can cause chemical pneumonia, says Knut Erik Hovda, general practitioner at the National Treatment Center for CBRNe Medicine, Emergency Medical Department, Medical Clinic at Oslo University Hospital.

– The child has then inhale a foreign body such as an apple pie, a pearl or a peanut. The foreign body passes through the throat and the body itself has to remove it. Therefore, an inflammation is triggered as a reaction to the stranger. Often bacteria are on top of irritation, “explains Revhaug.

She emphasizes that chemical pneumonia is unusual in children, but when it happens first, the cause is usually foreign body aspiration, ie foreign bodies in the airways.

Recalling “common” pneumonia

Chief Hovda says that the symptoms of chemical pneumonia affect the severity, but in practice it involves irritation of the respiratory tract that gives dry or mucous cough, varying degrees of mucus production, heavy breathing, respiratory tract and occasional chest pain and abdominal pain.

You may experience fever, feeling unwell and having a quick pulse and a headache.

In practice, the symptoms resemble a “common” pneumonia or cold / flu, but the severity will affect the symptom.

The most important thing when you are exposed to chlorine monoxide is to remove from the source. Then, the treatment consists of rinsing eyes and skin by spills and then providing peace and fresh air.

Liquid in the lungs

Ringstad says that even a small sniff can cause a risk of the liquid coming into the lungs, but fortunately there are few who end up in hospital.

- May cause long-term damage to pulmonary tissue and, in the worst case, death

PEANUTS: The child may have chemical pneumonia of peanuts or other foreign matter that comes into the lungs. Photo: Getty Images

- May cause long-term damage to pulmonary tissue and, in the worst case, death

Check when it’s ok to use the emergency guard

If you do not have any symptoms after the accident, you may see it at home, but it is important to take any symptoms that occur seriously and contact the emergency room or hospital.

– We happen to receive petrol inquiries after people have tried out the rule of law. A small slurry of gasoline is rarely dangerous unless it has contracted into the respiratory tract, in which case it can give rise to treatment-threatening pulmonary symptoms, the senior advisor states..

If you have a lot of symptoms, you should seek medical attention.

The treatment is primarily tranquility, oxygen, possibly asthma and anti-inflammatory drugs, and at worst artificial breathing aid with mask or respirator, says Hovda.

The forecast depends on severity, but usually you are symptom-free within a few hours.

At the same time, it is important to keep in mind that some substances and gases can give very serious symptoms that require respiratory treatment, which can lead to long-term damage to pulmonary tissue or, at worst, death, according to Hovda.

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