Health

HPV vaccine can prevent cancer

For around 4,000 dollars, young women can safeguard against the HPV virus, which can lead to cervical cancer.

HPV vaccine can prevent cancer

HPV vaccine can prevent cancer

SHOULD BE TAKEN: Teenage girls and young women well-behaved in the 20’s can benefit from vaccination against cervical cancer, as little girls in 7. grades. Photo: Colourbox

HPV vaccine can prevent cancer

This lowers the cancer risk

It’s not just children who should take HPV vaccine against cervical cancer. Even older women can avoid the carcinogenic virus HPV by vaccinating on their own expense.

7. classifications get it free

The cervical cancer vaccine will, from autumn, be part of the childhood vaccination program. There are currently only girls in 7. grade steps that will get the cervical cancer vaccine for free.

Learn more about cervical cancer here

Older girls will not be offered the vaccine. These girls are at risk of having troublesome diseases due to the very common virus called HPV (Human Papillomavirus).

Some types of virus can cause genital warts. Other types can lead to cervical cancer.

HPV vaccine costs 3500 kroner

For 3500 kroner women and young girls can vaccinate against genital warts and cervical cancer. According to the drug company Sanofi Pasteur MSD, one of the two manufacturers producing cervical cancer vaccine, it may take effect if you already have the virus in your body.

If you want to vaccinate a child who falls outside the child welfare program, the vaccine will cost you around 3500 kroner.

The HPV vaccine consists of three doses divided into three syringes.

All girls should be vaccinated!

Facts about HPV:

– HPV stands for Human Papillomavirus.

– HPV infects sexually and is the most common gender disease we have in Norway.

– 70 percent of the female population in Norway has HPV.

– There are more than 100 subgroups of HPV registered.

– Some types of HPV (types 6 and 11) can lead to genital warts or condylomas.

– 14 types of HPV with carcinogenicity have been identified.

– It is especially known that types 16 and 18 can cause cancer of the cervix.

– Both men and women can have HPV.

– If you are infected first, you have the virus in your body throughout your life.

– Condom only partially protects, and is not full of HPV infection.

(Source: Public Health Institute)

The professional recommendations from, among others, the Norwegian Institute of Public Health, the Norwegian Gynecological Association and the National Quality and Priority Council in the Health Service, was that the HPV vaccine should be free through the childhood vaccination program for girls in the age group 12 to 15 years.

Currently, only girls have been granted money for 7. grades.

Hanne Nøkleby, division director at the Norwegian Institute of Public Health, has no doubt that many girls and women will benefit from buying the vaccine and vaccinating themselves.

– In our report, we recommended that anyone up to 16 years should take this vaccine. Parents with children in this age group should definitely rate this, even if the vaccine comes close to $ 4,000 when we add the cost of getting the vaccine, she says.

Most exposed in the 20’s

Nøkleby also believes that young women well-behaved in the 20’s may have a high likelihood of not having been infected with the types of HPV most commonly leading to cervical cancer. These girls should consider the vaccine.

HPV vaccine can prevent cancer

Hanne Nøkleby, Division Director at the Public Health Institute. Photo: Lene Solbakken

HPV vaccine can prevent cancer

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– The age of 20 is the age at which infection is most frequent. It is at this age that you have the most sexual partners, which is the risk of being infected, says the division director.

Adults can also be vaccinated

The HPV vaccine is preventive and will also have an effect in adult women if they are exposed to HPV types that they have not already been infected with.

A woman who has had sex warts (types 6 and 11) will be able to prevent cervical cancer by vaccinating if she does not have HPV types 16 and 18 (the types that can give cancer).

You can obtain the vaccine by referring to your health sister at school or to your general practitioner. You will then receive a prescription and can pick up the vaccine at the pharmacy. The vaccine can then be given by the general practitioner or at a health clinic.

Tests only for cellular changes

– The HPV virus is the most common in the youngest age groups for various reasons. You will be able to prove if you have HPV by taking an HPV test, but this is not recommended to happen at random, “says Bente Kristin Johansen, gynecologist and head of the Mass Survey against Cervical Cancer.

– Can women who have HPV get tested what type they have?

– National guidelines have been prepared for when such a test is required. It is only done if certain types of cell cervical cell changes have been found, “Johansen says.

She can tell that over 90 percent get rid of the virus automatically, but some get chronic infection. Over time, it may develop into cellular and cervical cancer if it is not detected and treated.

HPV Question and Answer

Small Cancer Risk

There are over 100 different types of HPV and very few of those infected with HPV, develop cancer.

Therefore, there is no need to worry if HPV infection or cellular changes are detected..

If you have sex warts, you do not have the type of HPV that can develop into cancer.

Difficult to detect

– Warts can, however, cause ailments. It’s only a minority that really bothered, and many do not even know they have sex warts. If it becomes very many, they can cause problems, and treatment will often be needed, says Johansen.

She adds that it is very difficult to detect genital warts, even for the doctors.

Especially when there are not very many of them. Then the women or men have most often diagnosed themselves and seek a doctor for treatment. Nipples are treated by brushing on a liquid or by freezing.

Also read: – Does my husband have a gender disease?

Some types of cancer provide cancer

There are, as mentioned, more types of HPV than those that give genital warts. Unlike the viruses that give genital warts, the other viruses do not show visible changes.

HPV vaccine can prevent cancer

MAY PAY: Girls aged 13-15 years are advised to take cervical cancer, but they must pay the vaccine themselves. Photo: Colourbox

Therefore, men and women can be infected with the virus without they being aware of it.

Facts about cervical cancer:

– Every year around 300 Norwegian women are affected by cervical cancer.

– 70 people die annually by cervical cancer.

– Cervical cancer is the most common form of cancer in women under 35 years.

– Every year, about 60. 000 women in Europe develop cervical cancer.

– Nearly 30. 000 European women die annually of the disease.

– On a worldwide basis, it dies about 270. 000 women of cervical cancer every year.

(Source: Cancer Registry and Research. no)

There are several types of HPV that can cause cellular changes and subsequent cervical cancer. The two most common are types 16 and 18.

Regularly go to a doctor

Johansen emphasizes the importance of going to regular examinations and taking a cervical cell sample every three years.

If cell changes are detected, follow-up will be more frequent.

It is important to point out that a detected cell change does not mean that you have cancer, but you are in a phase of cancerous precursors.

– There are light and more serious cases of such precursors. Often the body even plays the light levels, and cell changes stop. The serious cell changes must be treated by a doctor. From the virus, until the virus is detected, it can take 20-40 years, says Johansen.

Getting HPV vaccine

As of this school year, the vaccine against HPV will be introduced as part of the childrens childhood vaccination program at 7. grades.

– The vaccine protects against the types of HPV that cause at least 70 percent of cases of cervical cancer. In addition, it protects against genital warts, “says Johansen.

She emphasizes that all women between the ages of 25 and 69, even those who have had the HPV vaccine, should take cell samples regularly.

It is recommended to take a cell test every three years.

Also read:

New chlamydia-like genital disease

Norwegian women are condom stingers

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