Diet

Dietary advice on type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetics gain a lot of health in the short and long term by eating heartfelt and keeping weight.

Dietary advice on type 1 diabetes

Diabetic patients are at increased risk of heart disease, as well as dying of heart disease, than others of the same age. Cardiac disease is often associated with obesity. Therefore, it is important to consider these factors when a diabetes-friendly diet is put together. Additionally, it is easier to prevent overweight than to slim down.

With this in mind, today’s diabetic patients are advised to follow the general guidelines for a healthy diet provided by the Directorate for Health and Social Affairs. It means eating more fish, vegetables and coarse bread, cutting down on the fat in the diet and basically using soft or liquid vegetable margarines and oils in the cooking.

Fruit

It varies from person to person how much blood sugar reacts to the intake of fruit, but as a rule, fruit should be consumed in a meal along with protein, fat and complex carbohydrates.

Drink

All types of milk contain milk sugar and should therefore be used for meals, not as dry drinks except for meals. This also applies to some milk-based coffee drinks. Juice, nectar, icing, plain sweet juice and soda sugar contain a lot and easily absorbable sugar and should therefore be avoided. Yogurt natural contains a little more carbohydrates than milk, and must be used in a way. Fruit yoghurt contains a lot of sugar and carbohydrates and should be used very carefully. Look for lighter yoghurt with artificial sweeteners.

Sweeteners

Using artificially sweet products like juice and soda is not to be avoided for a diabetic. Aspartame, Acesulfam-K and sucralose are sweeteners that are commonly used in beverages. These do not affect blood sugar. The authorities carefully monitor the consumption of sweeteners, and even though adult diabetics use a lot of these products, they are still a little away from the maximum daily intake limit. Children under the age of three should ideally not have artificial sweeteners at all because they have such a small body weight to spread the sweeteners on. Everyone here must use common sense.

Sugar-free chewing gum, lozenges and other sweets contain sugar alcohols like sorbitol, xylitol, maltitol and mannitol. These produce almost as high blood sugar as normal sugar, and should therefore be used with as much care as usual candy. A high intake of these substances can also cause air pain and loose stools.

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