Diet and exercise in type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is, for most people, a lifestyle disorder that can be regulated by lifestyle interventions on the diet and exercise side.

Diet and exercise in type 2 diabetes

Diet, exercise and lifestyle play a major role in both the daily regulation of blood sugar and the prevention of late complications. In the treatment of diabetes, the goal is that the patient should have a daily life almost equal to the daily life the person had before the disease occurred.

Nevertheless, it is important to be aware as a healthy lifestyle could lead to better management of the disease, and thus a better quality of life. Especially in the beginning it is an advantage that the patient learns to know himself by measuring blood sugar at different times of the day and under different conditions such as after exercise, after ingestion of alcohol, after a big meal compared to after a little before breakfast etc.

Cost Adjustment

Many of those who have impaired glucose tolerance or new type 2 diabetes may be able to regulate their blood sugar by using diet and exercise only. A healthy diabetic diet is the same as recommended for everyone (but too few people), namely a diet with a little saturated fat, a little sugar, a little salt and a lot of fiber. Thus: More fish, more vegetables, more water and more skinny milk products and lean meat products, as well as a little more fruit and soft plant margarines / oils. This should be at the expense of fatty meat products, greasy and sweet cakes and fat and / or sweet dairy products as well as alcohol, salt nuts and real butter.

In addition, a diabetic will benefit from eating regularly and not let it go too long between each meal. Three main meals and 2-3 midday meals where no more than 3-4 hours between each meal can be a definite solution.

An adapted diet contributes to better blood sugar regulation, weight loss when needed, hyperlipidemia correction, and prevention of diabetic late complications such as nephropathy and cardiovascular disease.

Do not forget physical activity

Physical activity improves glucose tolerance and improves insulin sensitivity. Regular exercise may also cause lower blood pressure, lower weight, better blood circulation, and reduce the unfavorable blood lipids VLDL, LDL and triglycerides while increasing the level of the good blood fat HDL.

Exercise may lead to a reduction in insulin or oral antidiabetic doses, but those who take insulin or medication should measure blood glucose after exercise because physical activity may, in certain cases, lead to hypoglycaemia or hyperglycaemia. Diabetics who are only treated by diet will not get too low blood sugar of physical activity.


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