Infections

11 things you should know about the tin

See what the fleet experts believe is important to know about the spreaders.

11 things you should know about the tin

11 things you should know about the tin

EXPERTS: General Knut Eirik Eliassen (t. h. ) and Dr. philos. Preben Ottesen, avd. dir. at the National Institute of Public Health. Photo: Private

Experts

Dr. philos. Preben Ottesen, Head of Division at the Department of Disease Control, Dept.. for pest control, National Institute of Public Health.

General and doctoral candidate, Knut Eirik Eliassen, Antibiotics Center for Primary Medicine, ASP, Department of General Medicine, University of Oslo. Baxter Medical AB.

The fool has been active for months already, but you may have had it with you.

Here, two of Norway’s foremost experts give you 11 other important information you may not know about the bloodshot creep.

1. The nymphs are scaryest

The flea lives for three years from egg and larvae till nymfestadium and adult ticks.

Both larvae, nymphs and adult females suck blood, but it is the nymphs (1.5mm to 2mm) most often bite humans and make us sick.

Because they are much less than full-grown ticks, they are harder to detect and they do not attach themselves to the skin easily. Thus it is easy to rub them away before you notice that you are bitten.

2. Low risk of infection

Up to 25 percent of the nymphs and adolescents are infected with Lyme Borreliose (LB) infection disease, while in southern Norway about one percent of the ticks virus has a tear encephalitis (TBE) that can cause brain inflammation.

Statistically, the risk of getting sick of dandruff is still very low; below one percent.

In 2009, a fatal variant of the TBE virus was feared in Sweden.

3. Infection can take time

While transmission of the TBE virus occurs immediately from the ticks, it usually takes two days for a ticks to transfer Lyme Borreliose.

If you remove a borrelia-bearing tick within 12 hours, the risk of disease is minimal.

By the way, it is not possible to look at a fleece if it is borne by viruses and borrelia bacteria, or not.

Last autumn a new fleece disease was discovered by American and Russian researchers. The disease is derived from a bacterium called Borrelia miyamotoi, and is a distant relative of the bacterium that causes Lyme borreliosis. The disease causes higher fever than Lyme borreliosis, headache, chills, fatigue and nausea.

4. Early Signs of Infection

11 things you should know about the tin

New skin disease reminiscent of malaria

Red ring in the skin around the bite is a sure sign of borreliosis.

Then you must seek medical attention.

Euthanasia is called erythema migrans (EM) and occurs from three to 30 days after ticks.

Other signs of borreliasmite are flu symptoms with no respiratory symptoms. Instead, you can be relaxed, get fever, headache and diffuse muscle aches.

5. Half ring or no ring

Not all bites with borrelia saturation give a red ring on the skin.

Under half of the patients admitted to hospital because of ticks disease, they know that they have had an eruption.

This may be due, for example, to the fact that the ring is still expanding. It can be so large that only parts of it are visible as a red area on the skin.

6. Serious symptoms

There are three subgroups of borrelia infection. After a certain number of weeks and months, they will occur in different ways either in the form of joint healings, skin rashes or nerve infection.

11 things you should know about the tin

Much dangerous than bear and wolf

The latter, also known as neuroborreliosis, can act as sudden burning pain in the neck, back, shoulder, arm, hip or leg.

Without treatment, you may experience symptoms such as impaired muscle strength, paralysis and hemispherical paralysis (facial paresis).

7. Treated with antibiotics

If you have skin rash that expands beyond what is safe or likely biting, you should be treated with antibiotics from the so-called clinical diagnosis – without being tested in advance.

Early testing has seldom any purpose because the body has failed to develop antibodies.

8. Tests do not provide safe answers

There are two main methods to test for tick disease. By an indirect test one can find antibodies that the body has produced to defend against borrelia infection.

The so-called ELISA test is the most common test that can be taken at the GP.

11 things you should know about the tin

You can have kiss sickness without knowing it

In addition, there are several methods for direct testing of blood or other biological material.

In a so-called PCR test, it can be investigated whether there are DNA from borreliabacteria in joint fluid, spinal fluid or skin biopsy.

A positive test on a direct test will almost be a sure evidence of infection. A negative finding, however, can never rule out Lyme Borreliose, neither on indirect or direct testing.. None of today’s test methods are 100 percent safe, but by combining multiple tests one can certainly rule out a disease.

9. Spray or food helps a little

The flake can not be sprayed or eaten away, despite attempting a large intake of garlic and the development of insecticides with active ingredient DEET.

Dense clothing is still the only effective protection against dirt bite if you travel in forests and fields.

Use high boots, socks outside the pants, T-shirts and sweaters inside the trousers and tighten your sleeves – if so with tape.

After stay in ticks, check all skin areas, especially armpits, groin and knee hives.

Also note the red marks in the skin with a small black dot. This can be a small blood sucking nymph, which you obviously need to remove.

Note that local redness at the site itself is not the same as the characteristic red ring. Many people are worried about this, but the ring eruption occurs only after a few days at a borrelia infection.

10. Not just summer phenomena

11 things you should know about the tin

Check if you have skin cancer

The ticks are potentially dangerous from early spring to late autumn.

It is actually recorded bite bites in mild weather periods in January with temperatures down to four degrees of heat.

It is probably a myth that barfrost is more unfavorable to the tatter than snowy winters. So far, it has not been possible to establish any connection between barfrost and fillet stock in Norway.

11. Vaxine along the way

For a number of years there has been a vaccine against the TBE virus. Soon the vaccine against the much wider Lyme Borreliose may be a fact.

The German drug company Baxter Medical is now developing a borrelia vaccine that, if everything goes according to plan, can be completed in 2015.

Fewer Serious Ill

In spite of a lot of ticketing and reporting obligations for severe cases of Lyme Borreliose, no increase in serious borrelia infections has been recorded in Norway in recent years.

11 things you should know about the tin

The tongue reveals your health

11 things you should know about the tin

This tells the urine about your health

In 2011, the Norwegian Institute of Public Health received a report of 247 cases of illness, which is 99 fewer than in the 2008 peak year. In 2009 and 2010, the number of reported cases was 273 and 288, respectively.

The doctor’s reporting obligation includes so-called systemic disease and late manifestations of Lyme Borreliose. Patients with ring rash and who have become healthy after treatment with antibiotics are not registered by the Norwegian Institute of Public Health..

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